Music is a pleasant sound (voice or instrument) that inspires us to experience harmony and higher enjoyment. Music is an essential part of human life. Indian music defines a special significance not only within the country but also throughout the world. The traditional form of Indian music is vibrant throughout the era and it has not only entertained the common people in the country, but it has lovers all over the world.
Music is one of the fine arts. Like other forms of art, it requires creative and technical skills and the power of imagination since dance is an artistic expression of the movement of colors and painting, in the same way, that music is of sounds. Just as there is a beautiful view for the eyes, the aroma is for the nose, the delicious dish is for the palate and the soft touch is for the skin, the music in the same place is for the ears.
There are also regional styles in Indian music, but the concept of basic unity i.e. ragas and rhythms is equally popular. No wonder India has an influence on music patterns in other parts of the world. Afghan music, Persian music, Russian music, and even Western music also show the influence of Indian ragas and rhythms.
Indian music best suits the best to classical dances and plays of India.
The dance itself combines action, song, mime, and rhythm. A classical dance, such as Indian classical music, dominates the rhythm concept. Hence the importance of music in dance is very good.
Indian music is based on melody. It’s bulit on raga and take concepts. There are two major systems of classical music, the Hindustani system, and the Carnatic system. The differences between them are more in practice than their theoretical foundations. The most famous is the Natya Shastra of Bharata and the music of Sarangadeva. Both systems show great assimilation power. They have also influenced each other.
Indian classical music is an unbreakable part of Indian music. The introduction of music in India has been considered as the original source of the music of Vedas composed about three thousand years ago. It is believed that Brahma Ji gave music as a boon to Narada Muni.
There are two styles of Indian classical music. The first is North Indian or Hindustani music. While the second is South Indian music or Carnatic music. This requires strict adherence to rules. It is believed that the vast river of Indian music continued to flow at a slow pace for centuries. It split into two streams after the Muslims arrived in India in the medieval period.
There was a lot of change in North Indian music. Music was no longer confined to the temples and became the court of the rulers. At the same time, some new styles also came into vogue. Such as Khayal, Ghazal, etc. and Indian music was also introduced to many new instruments like Sarod, Sitar, etc.
Later the Sufi movement also influenced Indian music. Later, many new systems and houses were born in many parts of the country. Many new instruments came into vogue during the British rule. Today’s harmonium, famous in the general public, came into vogue at the same time. In this way, every era has contributed significantly to the rise and change of Indian music.
While Hindustani music continued to evolve under the umbrella of Mughal emperors, Carnatic music became popular in the temples of the south. It’s the reason why Bhakti Ras is prevalent in South Indian works, and Shringar Ras in Hindustani music.
The South retained much of its original stream form. While the North Stream got mixed with Arabic, Iranian, and Central Asia music over time.Due to this, musical forms of Khayal, Thumri, Tappa, Tarana, etc. were born in the place of Dhrupad, and finally, their domination was established.
In Carnatic music, any raga can be sung at any time, but in Hindustani music. The time of playing the ragas is fixed. The whole day has been divided into eight hours of three hours each, and it is decided which raga will be sung and there is also a musical argument.
Keep listening music and keep healthy.